General Information

About Korea

Host Country, Republic of Korea

Republic of Korea, well known as South Korea, encompasses almost the half of peninsula in area. In actuality, the peninsula itself spans roughly 1,100 kilometers from north to south. The Korean Peninsula lays its foundation on the northeastern section of the Asian continent, where Korean waters meet those from the western side of the Pacific Ocean. Korea, both South and North, is bordered by China to the northwest, Russia to the northeast and Japan to the east by the Korean Strait and the East Sea. In addition to the mainland peninsula, Korea includes 3,000 islands.

Located in a temperate zone and harmonized with four different seasons, Korea is a nation full of dynamics and plethora of history. Its economy success is still ongoing. Both old and new generations unite as one to make this nation a better place to live. Over the course of 5,000 years of its history, Korea has proven itself as a nation of rich heritage and innovation.

The Korean peninsula extends southward from the eastern end of the Asian continent. It is roughly 1,000 km (621 miles) long and 216 km (134 miles) wide at its narrowest point. Mountains surround nearly 70% of the land mass, categorizing Korea as one of the most mountainous regions in the world. The peninsula is divided just slightly north of the 38th parallel. South Korea has a population of over 50 million and consists of nine provinces along with its national capital, Seoul, six metropolitan cities and other 77 cities and 88 counties. For further information, please visit the website at

From late March to early April, trees blossom with beautiful leaves to signal the beginning of spring. It is bright and sunny from March to May.
It is relatively hot and rainy during summer. By June, it is over 20°C (68°F). It rains hard during Monsoon season in summer. It usually begins around the end of June and lasts from mid to late July. In general, August is the hottest and most humid month of all.
The coming of autumn in late September brings continental winds and clear, dry weather, making fall the most pleasant time of year. Fall splashes red and yellow colors on every leaf of both ginkgo and maple trees. This creates such a beautiful panorama in October.
From December to February, it is cold and dry. It is snowing on many occasions. Throughout the winter months, it is associated with a few warmer days while it is below 0 °C (32 °F) for the most part of the season.

National Flag
‘Taegeukgi’ stands for the national flag of Republic of Korea. Its design symbolizes principles of the yin and yang in Confucian philosophy. The circle in the center of the flag is divided into two equal parts. The red half represents the proactive cosmic forces of the yang. Conversely, the blue half represents the responsive cosmic forces of the yin. The two forces as a whole represent the concepts of continual movement, balance, and harmony that characterize the sphere of infinity. The circle is surrounded by four trigrams, one in each corner. Each trigram symbolizes one of the four universal elements: Heaven, Earth, fire and water.

National Flower
‘Mugunghwa’ (Rose of Sharon) is the national flower of Republic of Korea. Every year from July to October, a profusion of mugunghwa blossoms covers the entire country. The flower's symbolic significance stems from the Korean word, ‘Mugung ‘(i.e., immortality).

The Korean language like Hungarian, Turkish, Mongolian and Finnish, is classified into the Ural-Altaic language group. Hangeul (Korean alphabet) is composed of 10 simple vowels and 14 consonants. A group of scholars under the supervision of King Sejong the Great developed this systematic rendition of spoken sounds in year 1443. It is widely acclaimed by linguists as an ingenious invention. In 2009, the town of Bau-Bau, Sulawesi in Indonesia, adopted Hangeul as their official written language.

Travel Hotline
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